Packaging standards and requirements for imported

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Packaging standards and requirements for poultry imported from the United States

in recent years, poultry consumption in the United States has increased year by year. At present, the annual poultry consumption in the United States is up to the experimental result, which is usually the average value of 10 samples of more than 2.8 million tons, of which the imported poultry meat is about 1.3 million tons, accounting for 46% of the total consumption. Due to the influence of "mad cow disease" and "foot-and-mouth disease" on the export of equipment for measuring torque of European livestock products, the import of livestock and poultry products from the United States is more turned to Asia, which brings good opportunities for China's poultry exports. However, relevant experts believe that the poultry meat entering the U.S. market must be produced in accordance with the same requirements as the U.S. standards, which puts forward new requirements for the production, packaging, inspection, sales and other links of poultry meat. Therefore, in order to occupy the U.S. market to the greatest extent, we must understand its relevant regulations

first of all, poultry entering the United States must come from countries and manufacturers approved by the food safety inspection service (FSIS) of the United States Department of agriculture. No matter which country wants to obtain the qualification of exporting poultry to the United States, FSIS must evaluate the country's inspection system to ensure the safety, hygiene and correct labeling of poultry. The evaluation work generally includes finding a suitable position to install the tension (compression) force sensor and directly sensing the load applied on the test piece, which includes two parts, namely document review and field inspection. Document review: technical experts will evaluate the relevant laws, regulations and other written materials of the applicant country, focusing on five key areas: pollution, disease, processing, residue and law-abiding operation. If the documents pass the examination, FSIS will send a technical expert group to conduct on-site investigation to evaluate the five key areas and other aspects of the inspection system, including the factory's equipment, facilities, laboratories, training programs and factory inspection work. If FSIS determines that the inspection system of the country is basically the same as that of the United States, the country may be qualified to export poultry to the United States

in addition, FSIS also recognizes poultry meat and its packaging labels entering the U.S. market. The approved export factory shall comply with the label standard before producing export products. Labels must be printed in English and labeled in accordance with U.S. product composition and labeling regulations. Generally speaking, the label should include the following contents: product name; Country of origin and factory; Name and address of factory or wholesaler; Indicate the net weight (pounds or ounces) in constant weight; Preservation status of various components, etc. The label outside the large packing box of the product does not need to be approved, but during the inspection at the port of import, FSIS will check the label on the outer packing of the parts. Therefore, the label on the front side of the packing box must contain the following contents: product name, country of origin, factory code, landing dock, etc., and a certain position is reserved for the import inspection and stamping of the United States. In addition, special processing status must be indicated outside the box, such as "keepferrigera tion" or "keepfrozen", indicating the name and address of the export factory or importer. The contents must be printed on the outside of the box in English or pasted on the outside of the box in the form of labels, and cannot be replaced by handwriting. When the goods arrive at the U.S. port, the customs declaration form must be submitted to the local customs within 5 working days. According to FSIS regulations, poultry and its products need to be sent to the customs with two kinds of tickets: one is the inspection certificate of the exporting country

the certificate shall indicate the exporting country, manufacturer, port of destination (wharf) and quantity, prove that the product has passed the pre-mortem and post-mortem inspection by the inspection authority of the exporting country, and certify that the product is safe and hygienic, free of adulteration, correctly marked and in line with the regulations of the United States. The second is the import inspection application report form. After being examined by the customs, these documents will be sent to the animal and plant health inspection agency (APHIS) to examine whether they violate the regulations on animal and plant health restrictions of the United States. When the data shows that they all comply with the provisions of the customs and aphis, the documents will be sent to the FSIS import inspection office (IFO) at the port of entry. The contents of the inspection application form will be entered into the FSIS central computer system, namely the automatic import information system (AIIS), and the AIIS automatic search memory will determine whether the country, the factory and the product are qualified to export poultry or meat products to the United States. When it is confirmed that it can accept the inspection of FSIS, AIIS will put forward the inspection plan of this batch of products according to the quality history of a certain product of the country and the factory, and the final inspection results will also be input into AIIS to establish the inspection quality archives of the country and the factory

the inspection indicated by AIIS includes packaging and net weight inspection for retail; Inspection of packaging containers; Inspection of product defects; Insulation inspection of cans; Label inspection; Additives, product components, microbial contamination, various residues, and experimental inspection of meat identification, etc

the products that pass the inspection shall be stamped with the seal of "official inspection" on the outer package label of each box to enter the domestic market of the United States. When the goods do not comply with the regulations of the United States, the seal of "no entry into the United States" shall be stamped on the outside of the packaging box, and the goods must be exported, destroyed or converted to animal food with the approval of PDA within 45 days

it should be noted that FSIS should also regularly track and inspect the inspection system of countries that have obtained export qualifications. The frequency of inspection depends on the production and product quality of the exporting country. Generally, the newly approved exporting countries are inspected every three months; If the factory's production, equipment and inspection are in good condition, and the quality of exported poultry meets the standard, it shall be inspected every 6 months in the second year to ensure real safety and health

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